Americans are split on whether the American dream is still achievable, but they are more optimistic about social mobility in their country than Britons are about theirs
Since the world-wide Occupy protests brought the subject of wealth inequality to the fore, the topic has been a major point of discussion in both Britain and the US. US President Barack Obama made the topic a central issue in his 2012 re-election campaign and studies show that wealth inequality in America has worsened since the start of the recession. Britain, at least for now, is on the opposite trajectory: figures from the Office of National Statistics show income inequality at its lowest since 1986.
New research from YouGov America reveals that Americans perceive inequality as growing and the American dream as slipping away, but most still think that if you work hard, you can make it to the top.
When asked "Do you think that the American Dream has become impossible for most people to achieve?", Americans are split with 41% saying the American dream is impossible for most to achieve and 38% saying it is still possible.
The response exhibits a clean partisan split: 55% of Republicans say the American dream is still achievable for most and 27% say it is not, while 53% of Democrats say the American dream is no longer achievable and 27% say it is.
Complementing this pessimism about American dream, a majority perceive the gap between the rich and the poor as increasing. 64% of Americans say the gap is increasing, while 23% say it is staying the same and only 4% say it is decreasing. In fact, majorities of both Democrats and Republicans see the wealth gap as increasing.
Yet even with this perception of growing inequality, Americans are not ready to give up hope yet about individuals' potential for success. 63% of Americans agree with the statement "Anyone with talent who is willing to work hard and put the effort in can have a successful career and rise to the top, regardless of their background". Only 23% agree with the contrary statement, "Success in America today is mostly reserved for those from privileged backgrounds who know the right people; talented people from poor backgrounds don’t have a chance."
Social mobility in U.S. and Britain
These results differed markedly from a recent YouGov UK which showed a plurality (43%) agree that success in Britain is for those from privileged background, while only 38% say that if they work hard, anyone can succeed.
Americans are not ready to downplay the opportunities for general social mobility either. 44% of Americans say that society has become more mobile in recent decades, meaning that people from poor backgrounds have more opportunities to rise than they did in the past. 29% on the other hand say that society has become less mobile and 17% say it is about the same.